Innovative Journal of Medical Sciences <div id="myCarousel" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel"><!-- Carousel indicators --> <!-- Wrapper for carousel items --> <div class="carousel-inner"> <div class="item active"><img class="img-responsive img-thumbnail" src="" alt="First Slide" height="335" width="706"></div> <div class="item"><img class="img-responsive img-thumbnail" src="" alt="Second Slide" height="332" width="700"></div> <div class="item"><img class="img-responsive img-thumbnail" src="" alt="Third Slide"></div> </div> <!-- Carousel controls --></div> <div class="jumbotron text-center"> <h3>Journal do not take any publication charges, it is a free journal.</h3> </div> <p style="text-align: justify;">The Innovative Journal of Medical Sciences is a quarterly peer- reviewed international journal. The journal’s full text is available online at <a href=""></a> The journal allows free access (Open Access) to its contents and permits authors to self-archive final accepted version of the articles . The Journal has been designed to cover all the fields of research, which has any correlation and impact on Pharmaceutical and medical science.IJMS aims for a quick publication of research articles post review by the Editorial Board. <strong>IJMS free submission provides platform for the new researchers to get there researches published with rapid review.</strong>The members of the Editorial Board of IJMS are of international stature coming across the globe, many of whom are well known eminent academicians and researchers which allows the complete coverage of the scope of the journal.IJMS accepts new technologies, or research or research methods with applicability to pharmacy practice in fields such as pharmaceutical care, medication therapy management, Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacognosy, Natural Product Research, Pharmaceutics, Novel Drug Delivery, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry, Computational Chemistry and Molecular Drug Design, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest , Medical science ,APHE , Organ system, psychosocial aspects of medication use, pharmacoeconomics, pharmacotherapy, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacy law, pharmacy management, public health, and health care financing.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Papers may be sent at <strong>;</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> BRNSS Publication Hub en-US Innovative Journal of Medical Sciences In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of different extracts of Citrus lemon peal <p>The in-vitro anti-inflammatory activities of different extracts of Citrus lemon peal (Rutaceae) were investigated by human red blood cell membrane stabilization (HRBC) method. The alcoholic extract showed significant membrane stabilizing action on human red blood cell membrane. The HRBC Membrane stabilization activity of the alcoholic extract of Citrus lemon at concentration 400μg/ml showed 63% inhibition of denaturation in hypotonic solution while standard Aspirin 100μg/ml showed 75.34% inhibition of denaturation. Moreover, the extracts showed equipotent activity to Aspirin.</p> Kshitij Agarwal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 1 02 Regional Disparity of Aging Process in Bangladesh <p>Aging is a process of growing old. This study is an attempt to assess the regional variation of population aging in Bangladesh using both census and survey data collected from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Different indicators of population aging have been used for analysis. It is found that Barisal and Khulna division is placed top aged region of the country. It is also observed that Rajshahi, Chittagong and Sylhet division is placed bottom aged region of the country. The analysis shows that the division with less proportion of children indicates top aged region and division with high proportion of children indicate bottom aged region. The rural areas of each division show more aged than urban areas. It is found that male elderly is higher than female. So there is a regional disparity of aging showing urban-rural and male-female gap</p> M. Taj Uddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 1 02 Cost of Illness Analysis of Diabetes Mellitus in a Tertiary Care Hospital <p>Until few decades ago, Diabetes was generally seen as a problem in developed countries. However with changing lifestyle and diet diabetes has emerged as an important public health concern in developing countries. As Diabetes is associated with many microvascular and macrovascular complications. Uncontrolled and untreated Diabetes mellitus is life threatening as well as finanacial burden. This study is intended to evaluate the affordability of the right medication to the right patient at the right time plays a pivotal role in better patient care. Cost of illness analysis (CIA) is defined as the evaluation and assessment of resource used in treating an illness. It comprises direct cost, indirect cost, intangible cost. Direct cost implies the cost generated by the resources used in treating the disease like expenditure of medical cost, hospital services and drugs. The largest components of medical expenditures are: hospital inpatient care, prescription medications to treat complications of diabetes, anti-diabetic agents and diabetes supplies, physician office visits, nursing/residential facility stays. Whereas Indirect costs include: increased absenteeism, reduced productivity while at work for the employed population, reduced productivity for those not in the labour force, inability to work as a result of disease-related disability and lost productive capacity due to early mortality , care giver cost and QOL.</p> Nimmy N John ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 1 02 Acute occupational Hand injuries with their social and economic aspects: A Hospital based cross sectional study <p>Background: Hand injuries constitute a significant number of trauma patients all over the world. Advanced countries havewell equipped hand surgery units with well-trained hand surgeons and paramedical staff. Hand injuries are more frequent in under developed countries with very little specialist care.Objectives: The objectives of this study were to collect data to have knowledge about hand injuries in one of the largest hospital ofBangladesh in International Medical College Hospital (IMCH) Gazipur, to know the prevalence, handedness, mode and types of hand injuries and their socioeconomic impact.Methods: Over a period of six months 325 patients of acute hand injuries were analyzed and data were entered on aprescribed Performa and analyzed using SPSS 11.5 software.Results: There were 325 patients out of these, 310 were males and 15 were females. The mean age of all patients was 26.84 years ranging from 12-62 year. Considering the fractures there were 111 thumbs, 122 indexes, 45 middle, 3 rings and 40 little finger involvements. It was also seen that there were 37 amputations out of these 4 amputations were at or just distal to wrist level. Hand soft tissues included 162 skin injuries, 42 tendon injuries and 16 neurovascular injuries. Finally, according to procedures performed, there were 140 back slab applications, 148 wire fixations. According to type of anesthesia used, there were 175 local, 3 regional, 6 general anaesthesia and in 141 no anesthesia was used.</p> S.M. Rabiul ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 1 02 Acute exposure of cadmium induced hypoglycemia in mice <p>Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic environmental pollutants, causing a number of adverse health effects in humans. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cadmium on the pancreas. Mine male mice were divided into three groups: the control (Ctrl-) group, the STZ-treated diabetic control group and the Cd-treated experimental group.<br>STZ-treated mice which received a single dose of ip injection of 8 mg/kg of body of STZ dissolved in a freshly prepared solution of sodium citrate used as a positive control for diabetes and the control non treated mice received distilled water during the experiment. Cd-treated group had distilled water enriched with cadmium. This experiment was conducted for seven days.<br>Exposure of the mice to the cadmium caused a significant decrease in the animals' body weight and decrease in the blood glucose level. Our results suggest that cadmium exposure induced a sever hypoglycemia</p> ADON Mousan Arsène ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-28 2018-02-28 1 02 Patient Compliance in Orthodontics <p>Patient compliance is a critical factor in the efficacy of orthodontic treatment. Major treatment decisions<br>hinge on the expected level of compliance and poor cooperation usually prevents the orthodontist from<br>realizing optimal treatment results. Although the knowledge and skills of the clinician remain significant,<br>the cooperation of patients and that of the parents, in the case of children and adolescent patients, plays a<br>major role in achieving the desired orthodontic results. Patient cooperation is the single most important<br>factor every orthodontist must contend with. This article deals with patient compliance in orthodontics,<br>reasons for poor patient compliance and methods to improve patient compliance</p> Dr Harsha P Mahajan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 1 02